Are you looking for immigration to Canada or Quebec but unsure how to get additional permanent residency points? The splendid news is you can earn extra scores by taking TCF, TEF Canada, TEFaQ, or TCF Quebec French tests.
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Importance of TEF and TCF
Many learn French because it is spoken in so many countries.
Others are motivated by careers in French, cultural characteristics, or to support academic subjects. Of all the benefits, one incredible perk is Canada PR.
Canada has earned a reputation as an attractive destination for immigrants to start a life. The nation also offers a simple path to citizenship.
Recently, Canada announced to welcome of over 1.2 million permanent residents according to the immigration level plan for 2020-2023.
Being a formally bilingual country, Canada has two official languages: French and English. Nearly 98% population speaks English, French, or both.
Suppose you wish to settle in Canada as a permanent resident. In that case, you need to apply for one of the immigration plans like the Express Entry Program (EEP), Quebec Skilled worker Program (QSWP), Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), and others.
While the eligibility and requirements differ, language tests are essential in most situations.
You can earn up to 50 extra points for having higher French language abilities, i.e., CLB 7 in TEF or TCF, provided you choose French as a second language.
Besides CELPIP and IELTS English tests, Canada accepts TEF Canada and TCF Canada.
If you intend to move to Quebec’s province, you have two more choices — TEF Quebec and TCF for Quebec.
Types of TEF and TCF exams valid for Canada
Although there are ten distinct variants of TEF and TCF, however, for Canada, only two are allowed. If your target is Québec, other than TEFaQ and TCF pour Québec, DELF, DALF, TEC, TCF, and TCF Canada are also permitted.
Let us find out more details about these four French language examinations you might need to take.
1. TEF Canada
Started in 1998 by the CCI Paris Île-de-France, the Test d’Evaluation de Français (TEF) is a general international benchmark exam. It assesses your overall proficiency in French. This is for both non-native French speakers and the Francophone population.
TEF Canada test is one option that measures the candidate’s French knowledge through a 7-level scale (from 0+ level beginners skills to level 6 — advanced). It adheres to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL) guidelines.
It is proof of language ability by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for Canadian citizenship applications and permanent residence. One needs a minimum of level 7 (level B2 of the CEFR) to get additional bonus points.
The Canadian government also accepts it for various Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), start-up visa programs, and applying as a self-employed worker.
TEF Canada exam structure
The test comprises four modules: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
The e-TEF is an online version where you can take the reading, writing, and listening modules on a computer at the designated test center. However, the number of e-TEF candidates is limited because of infrastructure capability.
- Written comprehension (Reading): 60 minutes — 50 questions (300 points)
- Written expression (Writing): 60 minutes — 2 topics (450 points)
- Oral comprehension (Listening): 40 minutes — 60 questions (360 points)
- Oral expression (Speaking): 15 minutes per candidate — 2 subjects (450 points)
As part of an application for Canadian citizenship, speaking and listening parts are obligatory.
For Canadian citizenship, a candidate must take the below 2 sections (55 minutes):
- Oral Expression (Speaking): (15 minutes per candidate) – 2 topics – 450 points
- Oral Comprehension (Listening): (40 minutes) – 60 questions – 360 points
You can get a maximum of 50 more points valid for two years from the date of the test result.
2. TEF Quebec
Are you interested in immigrating to Québec, Canada, under the Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW), Quebec Experience Program (PEQ), or one of many programs for business people?
Then in that scenario, you can consider Test d’évaluation du Français adapté pour le Québec (TEFAQ) to boost your overall score.
It is specially developed to check your listening and speaking skills.
Quebec’s Ministry of Immigration, Diversity, and Inclusion (MIDI) recognizes TEFAQ as part of an official immigration application.
TEFaQ exam structure
The TEF Quebec (TEFaQ) comprises four sections. TEFaQ is primarily for oral communication, and thus, reading and writing parts are discretionary.
Two compulsory tests (55 minutes)
- Oral comprehension (Listening): 40 minutes — 60 questions
- Oral expression (Speaking): 15 minutes — 2 topics
Two optional tests (120 minutes)
- Written comprehension (Reading): 60 minutes — 50 questions
- Written expression (Written): 60 minutes — 2 topics
Total test duration: 2 hr. 55 mins, and they sent the results to you electronically.
The two necessary modules, i.e., compréhension oral and expression oral, can fetch you a maximum of 14 points. The elective reading and written papers allow you to increase a further two points.
To sum up, you can gain 16 in the perfect scenario. The candidate’s spouse can get a maximum of 6 points for the speaking and listening sections.
Once the authority, i.e., Le “Français des Affaires” receives and corrects your exam, they will email you in 2-4 weeks. This will include a link to access your result and scores in a safe digital format.
3. TCF Canada
The Test de Connaissance du Français (TCF) is another French language placement test for non-native speakers of French. The minimum age is 16 years.
Of five different variants, TCF Canada matches the criteria of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). They accept both TEF Canada and TCF Canada results for seeking economic immigration or acquiring Canadian citizenship.
The CIEP (Centre international d’études pédagogiques) has designed the exam and is accredited by the French Ministry of Education.
IRCC has accredited TCF CANADA. Also, the Ministry of Inclusion, Francization, and Immigration (MIFI) will accept it as part of an immigration application in the province of Québec from May 1, 2022.
TCF Canada test format
TCF Canada exam comprises 78 items that incorporate listening and reading comprehension. All are multiple-choice questions, and candidates must pick one correct answer from 4 options.
It also has four mandatory sections: listening, reading, speaking, and writing.
- Listening comprehension — (39 items — 35 minutes) — All MCQs
- Reading comprehension (39 items — 60 minutes) — All MCQs
- Written expression (60 minutes — 3 Tasks)
- Oral expression (12 minutes — 3 Tasks)
4. TCF for Quebec
TCF for Quebec is a French proficiency test approved by Quebec’s Ministry for Immigration, Diversity, and Inclusion (MIDI) standards.
After gaining the score, you can include the certification in the application. It is only valid for your immigration application.
The “TCF for Quebec” comprises two compulsory and two optional exams. It evaluates proficiency in the standard French language, in writing, listening, reading, and speaking.
TCF for Quebec exam structure
TCFQ has only two compulsory modules — speaking and listening.
As a principal applicant, you can gain 14 out of 16 points by getting the maximum points in these two components.
- Listening comprehension (29 questions) — Duration: 25 minutes.
- Oral expression (speaking) (3 questions) — Duration: 12 minutes, including 2 minutes of preparation.
In the listening test, all questions would be MCQs with 4 choices and 1 correct answer. On the other hand, in speaking. it is an individual face-to-face test with an examiner.
You can earn two extra points by taking optional written (3 Tasks – 60 minutes) and reading (29 MCQs – 45 minutes) segments.
There are no limits on how many times you give TCF Québec. However, you must wait 30 days between two of these tests regardless of the results involved.
The most common FAQs for TCF and TEF Canada
These are some of the most frequently asked questions about these four exams.
Are you planning to start learning French?
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