Do you speak Japanese? (日本語ができますか？) Find out your exact level when you take JLPT (Japanese language proficiency test). This guide will cover the importance of the JLPT Exam in India, Levels, Syllabus, Course content, JLPT Exam centers, Dates, Fees, etc.
In an increasingly connected world, learning a foreign tongue is considered a necessity. One crucial reason is careers involving languages. If you’re still not convinced what language to learn, then picking the Japanese will set you apart from the crowd.
Amongst Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, Japanese is the most demanding foreign language in India. While there are numerous advantages of learning Japanese, a wide array of career opportunities in Japanese across the world is probably the biggest motivator.
Are you interested in studying or working in Japan? You may be wondering whether you should take the JLPT test in India or not. Do you want to build a successful career as a translator or interpreter or want to add Japanese skills in your CV? Then, the JLPT (Japanese Language Proficiency Test) will add both feathers and wings to the résumé.
Table of Contents
What is the Japanese-Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)?
The Japanese-Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) was developed in Japan and has been offered since 1984 across the globe, including India. JLPT is a standardized criterion-referenced test to evaluate and certify the proficiency of the Japanese language of non-native learners of Japanese.
It covers Japanese language knowledge, reading comprehension, and listening skills. In Japan, It has been administered by the JEES (Japan Educational Exchanges and Services), while the J.F. (Japan Foundation) administers overseas tests. The JLPT is held worldwide to evaluate and certify proficiency in Japanese of non-native speakers.
Read — (i) Advantages of Learning Chinese (ii) Scope of Chinese Language in India (iii) Mandarin Course in Delhi (iv) Chinese Course in Mumbai (v) HSK Exam (vi) Why Learn Korean in India? (vii) Benefits of Learning Korean (viii) Korean Classes in Delhi (ix) TOPIK Exam (x) Japanese Course in Bangalore (xi) Japanese Classes in Delhi
Importance and Benefits of JLPT exam
1) You can earn points for preferential treatment for immigration to Japan. You can gain 15 and 10 points for JLPT N1 and N2 respectively under the government’s “Point-based Preferential Immigration Treatment System for Highly Skilled Foreign Professionals.” If you have a total of 70 points or higher, you will receive preferential treatment at immigration.
2) JLPT in India offers a way to test your Japanese language skills and evidence of achievement that is comparable with other Japanese learners around the country and the world.
3) JLPT N1 is compulsory for medical practitioners licensed overseas who want to take Japan’s national exams for medical practitioners, and other professions.
4) Want to study at Japanese Universities? N1 is sometimes accepted in place of the Examination for Japanese University Admission for international students who wish to study at Japanese universities. Besides, The Japanese-language test is waived for examinees of foreign citizenship who pass JLPT N1 or N2.
5) JLPT is a yardstick for many Japanese companies seeking to hire Japanese language specialists. N2/N1 certification is beneficial and provides many career opportunities in India and abroad.
JLPT Exam in India
If someone wants to get a high-paying language job in MNCs or any Japanese company as a Japanese expert, the position requires the candidates to be proficient in the Japanese language. To prove their expertise, the students need to pass JLPT, which requires considerable command on Nihongo.
If you want to make your career in Japanese, you should aim for N2/N1. I’ve rarely seen a requirement of any level of the JLPT below the N2/N1 except for entry-level jobs.
Levels (N1, N2, N3, N4, N5)
The JLPT originally comprised four levels (N1, N2, N3, N4). The revised exam pattern was implemented in 2010 when new standards were set for the exams, and a fifth exam level was added. N5 and N4 replace the old level N4 and N3 test, respectively.
N3 is a new addition. The difficulty level is pitched halfway between the old level 3 and 2. N2 and N1 are pretty much the same as the old level N2 and N1 exam.
Today, The JLPT consists of five levels (N1, N2, N3, N4, N5). The most manageable and lowest level is N5, and the most challenging and highest level is N1. They are valid for life, awarded and recognized around the world. Check out Sample Papers with Answers and Books and References.
Syllabus and Course Content
(i) N5 – It is specially designed for beginners. Candidates are expected to learn Hiragana, Katakana, around 100 Kanji (Chinese characters), their various readings and pronunciations, as well as around 400-500 Japanese words and the basic rudiments of Japanese Grammar.
(ii) N4 – One can listen and comprehend conversations encountered in daily life and generally follow their contents, provided that they are spoken slowly. 300 Kanji, as well as around 1500 words of Japanese.
(iii) N3 – One can listen, read and comprehend coherent conversations in everyday situations, spoken at near-natural speed, and is generally able to follow their contents as well as grasp the relationships among the people involved. 600 to 700 Kanji as well as around 3000 to 4000 words of Japanese.
(iv) N2 – Level 2 represented an even more significant jump up in requirements. At this level, the demand surges to 1000 kanji and 6000 words. People who attain level 2 are primarily considered to have Japanese conversational ability and can say so on their resume.
(v) N1 – Level 1 is, was as you would expect, the highest and most sophisticated level. Students who passed this advanced level would have to master 2000 to 2500 kanji and more than 10,000 words.
Exam Format, Sections, and How to Pass JLPT Test?
JLPT exam is of 180 marks. For N1 to N3 – Test questions are subdivided into three major sections. (i) Vocabulary & Grammar (ii) Reading, and (iii) Listening whereas, for N4 and N5, there are only two sections : (i) Vocabulary & Grammar and Reading, and (ii) Listening.
To pass, you must meet two criteria: (1) the minimum overall score and (2) the minimum section score. You have to score 19/60 or 38/120 in each of these for individual passing.
One of the significant drawbacks of the JLPT is the fact that it has no speaking segment. It may be because speaking can have many different answers and has to be graded by hand, whereas JLPT uses an MCQ multiple-choice computer-scored answer sheet.
JLPT Exam Dates in India – 2020
The Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) is held twice a year (on the first Sunday of July and December) in Japan and selected countries, including India, and once a year in other regions (on the first Sunday of December).
The application period is usually around early March until late April for July’s examination and around early August until late September for December’s exam. The next JLPT exam will be held on 5th July 2020 (Sunday) and 6th December 2020 (Sunday)
JLPT Exam Centres in India
The JLPT test can be taken at various locations around the world. It has become the most widespread Japanese-language test in the world, with the total number of applicants around the world has exceeded 1 million examinees in 2018. In addition to 47 prefectures in Japan, the exam is conducted in 249 cities and 85 countries worldwide.
The statistics show that it is becoming a widely popular test of Japanese. There is a total of 8 JLPT centers in India.
- New Delhi – MOSAI (Mombusho Scholar’s Association of India) – Link
- Pune – Japanese Language Teachers’ Association, PUNE (JALTAP) – Link
- Kolkata – The Indo-Japan Welfare and Cultural Association – Link
- Chennai – ABK-AOTS DOSOKAI, Tamilnadu Centre, Chennai – Link
- Bengaluru – Bangalore Nihongo Kyooshi-kai (BNK) / JLPT Test Adm. Committee – Link
- Mumbai – Teachers Association of Japanese (TAJ) – Link
- Santiniketan (W.B.) – Visva-Bharati – Link
- Salem (T.N.) – Japanese Language Teachers Association – Link
* The test is held once a year at Salem and Shantiniketan.
JLPT Test Fees in India
Registration Fees (per Applicant) is between Rs. 1,000 to 1,600. The fee for the 2020 JLPT Exam in India is payable through the online process through websites of respective centers. Unlike other Foreign language proficiency tests such as DELF, IELTS, DELE, Goethe-Zertifikat, TEF, etc., the exam fees for JLPT is quite affordable and low.